专业四级考前恶补--语法(3)

http://www.youth.cn  2013-09-22 14:03:48  中国青年网

  Test Seven

  形容词层迭修饰时的顺序

  几个属于不同层次的形容词作修饰语时,其词序一般按下列顺序排列:限定词→表示说话人评价的形容词→表示大小、形状、新旧的形容词→表示颜色的形容词→表示国别、来源、材料的形容词→表示用途或目的的形容词→名词中心词。例如:

  the town’ s charming old English church

  a well known German medical school

  the man’ s first two interesting little red French oil paintings

  近义词辨析

  bother, disturb, trouble, worry

  这组词均含有“不停地烦扰他人或搞得某人心神不宁”的意思。

  bother 和 disturb常用于主动和被动两种形式中。用于被动时, bother指常受到时有时无的小事的烦扰。用于主动时, bother的意思比 disturb强,带有故意打扰他人的意思。

  If you return me the book, I will stop bothering you.你归还我的书后,

  我就不打扰你了。

  disturb用于被动形式时,意思比 bother强烈,有时甚至可指精神错乱。用在主动形式时,意思最弱,指某人无意中打扰他人,这种打扰行为并非存心冲着他人去的。 The man was mentally disturbed.这个人精神错乱了。

  trouble和 worry主要用于被动,指被某事搞得心神不宁。

  trouble比 worry稍正式些,指麻烦别人一件事而影响他人舒适、方便、效率、健康或心境的平静等。

  May I trouble you for the book?麻烦您把书递给我好吗 ?

  worry

  主要指因对某事的结果没有把握而焦虑不安,还可指某人沉浸在软弱无助的情绪或思虑中。

  Worrying about your health can make you sick.经常担心你的健康,会使你生病的。

  全真模拟试题

  1. It’ s not fair that you come home after a bad day at work a

  nd ____ your wife and children.

  A. take it out on B. take out it on 

  C. take out on D. take on it with

  2. She put an extra blanket over the baby for fear that ____ .

  A. he catches cold B. he should catch cold 

  C. he caught cold D. he be catching cold

  3. Our teacher recommended that we ____ as attentive

  as possible when we visit the museum.

  A. are B. shall be C. be D.were

  4. You ____ business interfering with my affairs.

  A. have none B. have no

  C. have none of the D. have nothing like

  5. The new cut in interest rate ____ promote domestic

  investment.

  A. means to B. directs toward

  C. is meant to D. leads to

  6. Advertising media like direct mail, radio, television and newspapers

   ____ to increase the sales of industrial products.

  A.have been used B. will be used 

  C. is being used D. has been used

  7. While being questioned on the court, the man denied ____

  the old lady’ s necklace.

  A. having taken B. taking

  C. to have taken D. to take

  8. Dr. Park was accused ____ the patient with overdose of slee

  ping pills so that the patient’ s life was terminated before the expected time.

  A.of providing B. with providing

  C. to have provided D. to provide

  9. By the end of next month we ____ this assignment.

  

  A. will finish B. will be finishing

  C. will have finished D. have finished

  10. We will be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours ____ miracle.

  A.is working B. works

  C. will be working D. worked

  11. It was dark in the cave so she ____ a match.

  A. struck B. hit C. fired D. burned

  12. Mary will not be able to come to the birthday party as she is ____ with a cold.

  A. laid out B. laid up C. laid by D. laid down

  13. She often says her greatest happiness ____ serving the handicapped children.

  A.relies on B. consists in

  C. composes of D. comprises in

  14. To make this ____ clear we shall have to look clo

  sely into biology’ s long history.

  A.distinction B. indication C. recognition D. constitution

  15. Most importantly, such an experience helps ____ a heightened sensitivity to

  other cultures and will bring about a greater appreciation of one’ s own culture as well.

  A. coach B. forsake C. foster D.censor

  16. When Ann broke the dish she tried to put the  ____

  back together.

  A. fragments B. pieces C. bits D. slices

  17. Jane tried to ____ the doorman with money, but she failed.

  A. bribe B. corrupt C. award D. endow

  18. Classification is a useful ____ to the organizati

  on of knowledge in any field.

  A. means B. approach C. mode D. manner

  19. The human race has already paid a heavy price for its slow ____

  to environmental threats.

  A. response B. responsibility

  C. resolution D. resistance

  20. We have a high regard for Prof. Joseph because he always ____

  his principles.

  A. lives on B. lives up to

  C. lives through D. lives with

  21. My grandfather accidentally ____ fire to the house.

  A.put B. took C.set D. got

  22. We enjoyed the holiday ____ the expense.

  A.except B. besides

  C. in addition to D. except for

  23. If you want children to work hard you must ____ their interests instead of their sense of duty.

  A. appeal to B. look into C. give rise to D. go in for

  24. Basically a robot is a machine which moves, manipulates, joins or proc

  esses ____ in the same way as human hand or arm.

  A. characters B. components

  C.catalogues D. collections

  25. Of course, talking about something which affects them personally is

   ____ motivating for students.

  A. chiefly B. correctly C. currently D. eminently

  

  试题答案与解析 

  1. A) 【句意】 白天的工作不顺心,回到家里

  拿老婆孩子出气,这是不公平的。

  【难点】 take it out on sb.意为“拿某人出气”,其中 it是无人称代

  词,无所指,这是一个固定的结构。

  2. B) 【句意】 由于害怕孩子感冒,她在孩子

  身上又盖了一条毯子。

  【难点】 for fear that后接虚拟语气,( should) +动词原形。

  3. C) 【句意】 我们的教师建议我们参观博物

  馆的时候注意力应尽可能集中。

  【难点】 recommend,command ,suggest等词后接的宾语从句应用虚拟语

  气,即( should) +动词原形。

  4. B) 【句意】 你没有权力干涉我们的事情。

  【难点】 have no business doing /to do something意为“没有权力,

  没有理由做某事”

  5. C) 【句意】 利率再次下调旨在促进国内投资。

  【难点】 be meant to do意为“旨在做 ”; mean to do意为“打算做

  ,企图做”; lead to意为“导致”,后接名词。

  6. A) 【句意】 像直接邮件、无线电、电视和

  报纸这样的广告媒介一直被用来促进工业品的销售。

  【难点】 根据句意,应用完成时的被动语态, media是 medium的复数形

  式。

  7. A) 【句意】 法庭传训他的时候,他否认拿

  了老太太的项链。

  【难点】 deny后需接动名词,由于动作是过去发生的,所以选 A),动名词

  的完成式。

  8. A) 【句意】 帕克大夫被指控向患者提供过

  量的安眠药,结果造成病人在预期的时间前死亡。

  【难点】 be accused of是个常见的词组,意为“被控有…罪”。

  

  9. C) 【句意】 到下月底,我将完成这项任务。

  【难点】 by the end of next month (year)是将来完成时的典型状语,

  故选 C)。

  10. B) 【句意】 除非你的新经济计划创造奇迹

  ,否则我们将赔钱。

  【难点】 unless引导条件状语从句,用一般现在时表示将来。

  11. A) 【句意】 岩洞里很黑,她燃着了一根火

  柴。

  【难点】 strike意为“擦(火柴)”,其它几个词不能和 matches搭配。

  

  12. B) 【句意】 玛丽不能来参加生日晚会了,

  因为她患了感冒,卧床在家。

  【难点】 lay up意为“因痛(或伤残)卧床”,常用被动语态; lay out意为“摆出,展开”; lay by意为“储存”; lay down意为“牺牲,献出”。

  13. B) 【句意】 她常说她最大的快乐在于为残

  疾儿童服务。

  【难点】 consist in意为“在于,存在于”; rely on意为“依靠,依

  赖”; be composed of意为“由…构成”; comprise意为“由…组成;构成”。

  14. A) 【句意】 为了搞清楚这一差别,我们必

  须认真地审视一下生物学发展的漫长历史。

  【难点】 distinction意为“区别;差异”; indication意为“标示,迹

  象”; recognition意为“(正式的)承认,认可,认知”; constitution意为“宪法,体制”。

  

  15. C) 【句意】 最重要的是,这样的经历能促

  进人们对其它文化的感受性,并使他们更欣赏自己的文化。

  【难点】 foster意为“培养,促进,助长” ;coach意为“训练,指导”;

  forsake意为“遗弃,抛弃”; censor意为“审查 ,检查”。

  16. A) 【句意】 安把盘子打碎后,想把碎片再

  合在一起。

  【难点】 fragment意为“碎片,碎块”; piece意为“块,片”; bit意

  为“小片;小段”; slice意为“薄片;切片”。

  17. A) 【句意】 简企图用钱贿赂看门人,但失

  败了。

  【难点】 bribe意为“收买;行贿”; corrupt意为“腐蚀,使堕落”; a

  ward意为“授予(奖品等);给予”; endow意为“资助,捐赠”。

  18. B) 【句意】 分类是组织任何领域知识内容

  的有效方式。

  【难点】 approach作“方式,方法;态度”讲时,后接介词 to,其它几个

  词没有这种用法。

  19. A) 【句意】 人类已为他们对环境威胁作出

  的迟缓反应付出了重大代价。

  【难点】 response意为“反应”后接介词 to ;responsibility意为“责任

  ”; resolution意为“决心,决定”; resistance意为“抵抗”。

  20. B) 【句意】 我们十分尊重约瑟夫教授,因

  为他总是信守原则。

  【难点】 live up to意为“遵守,实践(诺言,原则)”; live on意

  为“以…

  为生”; live through意为“度过,经历过”; live with意为“忍受;容忍”。

  21. C) 【句意】 我爷爷不小心放火烧着了房子

  。

  【难点】 词组 set fire to意为“点燃,使燃烧”。

  22. D) 【句意】 除了花很多钱外,我们的假期

  很愉快。

  【难点】 except指的是除去同类的事物,且常用于否定句; besides是包含

  在内的,除了; in addition to也是包括在内; except for是除了不同类的事物。

  23. A) 【句意】 如果你要孩子们努力学习,你

  必须唤起他们的兴趣而不是责任感。

  【难点】 appeal to意为“有感染力,有吸引力”; look into意为“调

  查,观

  察”; give rise to意为“引起,导致”; go in for意为“爱好;从事,参与”。

  24. B) 【句意】 机器人基本上是一台机器,它

  能像人的手臂一样移动、操纵、结合或加工零件。

  【难点】 component意为“零件;成分”; character意为“特性;人格

  ”; catalogue意为“目录”; collection意为“收集”。

  25. D) 【句意】 当然,谈论一些影响学生个性

  的事对他们是非常有积极作用的。

  【难点】 emine

  ntly意为“突出地;明显地”; chiefly意为“主要地;大部分”; correctly意为“正确

  地”, currently意为“现时,当前”。

  

  Test Eight

  It is the first time +that分句

  在“ It is/was/will be the first time+that分句”结构中,当主句动词为 is/will be时, that分句动词一律用现在完成体,引导词 that可以省略。例如:

  It is the first time I’ ve been here.

  Don’ t forget, it’ ll be the first time I’ ve spoken in public.

  当主句动词为 was时, that分句动词通常用过去完成体。例如:

  It was the first time she’ d been at a summer school and she thoroughly enjoyed it.

  近义词辨析

  fast, hasty, quick, rapid, speedy, swift

  这组词均含有“迅速的”,“快捷的”的意思。

  fast

  强调速度快,且保持不变;又指钟表的时间超过准确的时间。

  We took a fast train to Beijing.我们坐快车来北京。

  hasty

  指匆忙、急促,涉及因此而引起的慌乱、疏漏。

  Don’ t arrive at hasty conclusions.别匆忙下结论。

  quick

  强调动作、行为发生得突然且持续时间短。指人时,暗示聪明、领悟快。

  The tiger took a quick leap at the sheep.老虎猛地向羊扑去。

  rapid

  指就整个过程来讲速度快,但并不一定指这一过程的速度始终均匀不变。

  The growth of the economy has been rapid in recent years.近年来,经济增长速度很快。

  speedy

  指人处理问题迅速或物体运转速度快。

  His accusations brought a speedy denial.他的指控马上遭到了否认。

  swift

  与 fast和 quick同义,但带有文学色彩。

  Eagles are swift in flight.鹰飞得很快。

  全真模拟试题

  1. It was requested that all of the equipment ____in the agreed time.

  A. erected B. would be erected

  C. be erected D. will be erected

  2. The man sitting opposite me smiled dreamily, as if ____

  something pleasant in the past.

  A. to remember B. remembered

  C. having been remembered D. remembering

  3. I ____ him the Christmas gift by mail because he c

  ame home during the Christmas holidays.

  A. ought to have sent B. couldn’ t have sent 

  C. must have sent D. needn’ t have sent

  4. It turned out that the children were not ____ for t

  he accident.

  A. to blame B. to be blamed

  C. to be blaming D. to have been blamed

  5. The desegregation was achieved through a number of struggles, ____

  been mentioned in previous chapters.

  A. a few of which B. a few of them 

  C. a few of those D. a few of that

  6. Setting up a committee might be a way ____ the proj

  ect more efficiently.

  A. to be doing B. doing C. to do D. being done

  7. It ____ to see so many children in that mountainous

  area cannot even afford elementary education.

  A.pains her B. makes her pain

  C. is paining D. is pained

  8. Our boss, Mr. Thompson, ____ a raise in salary for

  ages, but nothing has happened yet.

  A.was promising B. has been promising

  C. promised D. has promised

  9. He was determined to sail around the world ____ his

  illness and old age.

  A. given B. although C. despite D. in spite

  10. The board deemed it’ s urgent that these invitations ____

  first thing tomorrow morning.

  A. had to be put in the mail 

  B. must be put in the mail

  C. be put in the mail

  D. should have been put in the mail

  11. ____ drills that have no real topic have to remain

  as they are.

  A. Manufacture B. Manipulative

  C. Manipulate D.Manifest

  12. This book has been in the works so long that I have lost ____

  of most of the sources found for me by the staff of the library.

  A. trace B. trail C. track D. touch

  13. The elbows on your coat have worn thin, so I must ____

  them.

  A. mend B. patch C. repair D. pitch

  14. ____ and wage increases have not kept in step.

  A. Production B. Product

  C. Produce D. Productivity

  

  15. People under stress have performed ____ feats of s

  trength, like lifting an automobile off an accident victim.

  A. specific B. extraordinary C. abrupt D. abnormal

  16. Modern appliances ____ us from a good deal of hous

  ehold work.For instance, the dryer frees us from hanging the laundry.

  A.escape B . benefit C. liberate D. comfort

  17. The audience waited in ____ silence while their ag

  ed speaker searched among his note for the figures he could not remember.

  A. respective B. respect C. respectful D. respectable

  18. The disappearance of her paper has never been ____

  .

  A. counted for B. looked up 

  C.accounted for D. checked up

  19. When he was asked about the missing briefcase, the man ____

  ever seeing it.

  A. refused B. denied C. opposed D. resisted

  20. Communication between a young couple is a(n) ____

  business.

  A. sharp B. dreadful C. intense D. delicate

  21. After so many weeks without rain, the ground quickly ____

  the little rain that fell last night.

  A. skipped B. soaked C. retrieved D. absorbed

  22. We’ ll ____ you as soon as we have any further info

  rmation.

  A. notify B. signify

  C. communicate D. impart

  23. The fox fell into the ____ the hunters had set for

  it.

  A. bush B. trap C. trick D. circle

  24. I don’ t know you want to keep the letter. I’ ve ____

  it up.

  A. torn B. given C. broken D. disposed

  25. The old lady ____ and fell from the top of the sta

  irs to the bottom.

  A. slided B. slipped C. split D. spilled

  

  试题答案与解析 

  1. C) 【句意】 所有设备要求在商定的时间内

  安装完毕。

  【难点】 request后面的宾语从句要求使用虚拟语气,即( should) +动词

  原形,本句用的是被动语态。

  2. A) 【句意】 坐在我对面的那个人梦幻般地

  笑着,好像回想起过去发生的某件高兴的事。

  【难点】 “ as if +不定式”是一个常见的结构,意为“好像”。

  3. D) 【句意】 我本不必把圣诞礼物给他邮去,因为他圣诞节期间回家了。

  【难点】 主句用了一句与过去事实相反的表示必要性的虚拟语气,符合题

  意。

  4. A) 【句意】 结果证明是,这起事故不怪孩子。

  【难点】 be to blame是一个习惯搭配,意为“该受责备”。

  5. A) 【句意】 经过若干次斗争,种族隔离被取消了,其中的几次斗争在前几章里已经提到。

  【难点】 这里考的是非限制性定语从句,关系代词 which前加修饰语。

  6. C) 【句意】 建立一个委员会或许是更有效地做这项工程的方法。

  【难点】 way后面可接不定式作定语,也可接 of doing形式。

  7. A) 【句意】 看到那片山区有那么多孩子连小学都上不起,她感到很痛心。

  【难点】 It pains sb. to see...意为“看到…使某人感到痛心”。

  8. B) 【句意】 我们的老板汤姆逊许诺给我们加薪好些年了,可到现在什么也没发生。

  【难点】 这句话考的是现在完成时行时。

  9. C) 【句意】 他不顾疾病缠身,年老体弱,决心做环球航行。

  

  【难点】 despite是介词,意为“尽管”,等于 in spite of,两者的后面都接名词。

  

  10. C) 【句意】 董事会认为,明天早晨的第一件事就是将这些邀请函紧急寄出。

  【难点】 it is urgent that后接虚拟语气,即( should) +动词原形。

  11. B) 【句意】 没有实际主题的操作性训练只得保持原样。

  【难点】 manipulative意为“操作的;控制的”; manufacture意为“制

  造”; manipulate意为“操纵”; manifest意为“显然的;明了的”。

  12. C) 【句意】 写作这本书的时间如此之长,以致于我找不到图书馆职员为我找到的大部分原始资料。

  【难点】 lose track of意为“失去与…的联系;失去…的线索”; trac

  e意为“痕迹,遗迹”; trail意为“踪迹;臭迹;足迹”; touch意为“接触”。

  13. B) 【句意】 你大衣的肘部磨薄了,我得在那儿打块补丁。

  【难点】 patch意为“补缀;修补”; mend意为“修理;修补”,比如鞋

  ; repair意为“修理;修复”,比如机器; pitch意为“投;掷;扔”。

  14. D) 【句意】 生产率的提高和工资的提高没有保持同步。

  【难点】 productivity意为“生产力;生产率”; production意为“生

  产;制造”; product意为“产品”; produce意为“农产品”。

  15. B) 【句意】 人们在心理压力的作用下,表演了非凡的力量技艺,比如把一辆汽车从交通事故的受害者身上搬开。

  【难点】 extraordinary意为“不平常的;非凡的”; spec ific意为“特有的,特种的”; abrupt意为“突然的,意外的”; abnormal意为“不正常的,反常的”。

  16. C) 【句意】 现代化的家用电器把我们从大量的家务劳动中解放出来,比如,甩干机使我们不必把洗的衣服挂起来。

  【难点】 liberate意为“解放”,与 from连用; escape意为“逃跑;逃走”; benefit意为“有益于”; comfort意为“安慰;慰问”。

  17. C) 【句意】 那位上了年纪的发言人在他的笔记中寻找着他记不起来的数字,此时,听众们恭敬地等候着,全场一片寂静。

  【难点】 respectful意为“尊敬的;恭敬的”; respective意为“各自的

  ,分别的”; respect是名词,意为“尊敬”; respectable意为“可敬的”。

  18. C) 【句意】 文件的消失从未得到过解释。

  【难点】 account for意为“解释;说明”; count for意为“值,计”;

  look up意为“查检”; check up意为“核实”。

  19. B) 【句意】 当这个人被问及丢失的文件夹时,他否认曾经见过。

  【难点】 四个选项中只有 deny合题意。 deny+动名词,意为“否认”; ref use意为“拒绝”,加不定式; oppose意为“反对,抵抗”,常接介词 to; resist意为“反抗,抗拒”。

  20. D) 【句意】 年轻夫妇之间的交流是件棘手的事。

  【难点】 delicate意为“需要小心处理的,棘手的”; sharp意为“尖刻

  的,辛辣的”; dreadful意为“遭透的,非常讨厌的”; intense意为“强烈的,剧烈的”。

  21. D) 【句意】 好几星期没下雨,昨晚下了一场小雨,很快被地面吸收了。

  【难点】 absorb意为“吸收”; skip意为“使 (石片 )跳跃着擦过水面”;

  soak意为“把…浸湿”; retrieve意为“使恢复;使再生”。

  22. A) 【句意】 一有进一步的消息,我们立即通知你。

  【难点】 notify意为“通知;报告”; signify意为“象征,预示”; com municate意为“传达,传递”; impart意为“告诉;传授”。

  

  23. B) 【句意】 狐狸掉进了猎人为它设的陷井。

  【难点】 bush意为“树丛”; trap意为“陷井”; trick意为“把戏”; c ircle意为“圈,圆圈”。

  24. A) 【句意】 我不知道你要保留那封信。我已把信撕了。

  【难点】 tear up意为“撕毁”; give up意为“放弃”; break up意为“击碎;拆散”; dispose of意为“处理;清除”。

  25. B) 【句意】 老太太滑倒了,从楼梯顶上摔到了下面。

  【难点】 slip意为“滑倒;滑落”; slide意为“滑行;光滑地移动”; split意为“裂开”; spill意为“溅出;流出”。

  

  Test Nine

  动词后接不定式或动名词

  有些动词或词组如 admit, appreciate, avoid, consale, defer, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish, mention, mind, miss, quit, postpone, practise, resist, risk, (can’ t) stand, suggest, give up, put off等后面只能接动名词。例如:

  I enjoy playing football.

  I don’ t mind sleeping with the door open.

  有些动词如 stop, remember, forget, try, mean等接不定式或动名词做宾语,意思各不相同。

  try doing sth试试看 (没有付诸的行动 )

  try to do尽力去做 (已有行动 )

  mean doing sth意味着

  mean to do sth打算

  

  近义词辨析

  change, alter, convert, modify, vary

  这组词均含有“变化”的意思。

  change

  最常用,指任何一种变化过程,但多用于指某人或某物发生根本性转变,失去了原来的身份特征,前后完全不同。

  Years of hard work had changed her a great deal.多年辛苦劳作使她变了很多。

  alter

  指对人或事物的某些特征进行某种程度的更改,但并没有使人或事物的性质发生根本改变。

  She had to ask the dressmaker to alter the dress for her.她不得不请裁缝把衣服改一下。

  convert

  指使事物的条件、性质、功能等发生重要改变、转换、或转化。

  Scientists are trying to find cheaper ways to convert salt water to fresh water.科学家在努力寻找将海水淡化的更廉价的方法。

  modify

  指在较小的范围内进行形式上的修改或调整。

  They have to modify the terms of their lease.他们不得不修改租赁条款。

  vary

  可以指仅仅改变事物的外观,也可指使事物的内在性质发生变化,通常是在同一组事物中将一种情形改变为另一种情形。

  She varies the program each month to make it more attractive.每个月她都对节目做些变动,使它更吸引人。

  全真模拟试题

  1. Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its alw

  ays ____ with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.

  A. being combined B. having combined 

  C. to combine D. combined

  2. Physics is the present day equivalent of ____ used to

  be called natural philosophy, from ____ most of present da y science arose.

  A. which, what B. that, which

  C. what, which D. what, that

  3. On no account ____ ever leave the baby at home alon e.

  A. should you B. you should C. shall you D. you shall

  4.  ____ the center of our planetary system was conside red as heresy by the church in the Middle Ages.

  A. It is the sun and not the earth

  B. That the sun and not the earth

  C. Being the sun and not the earth 

  D. The sun and not the earth

  5. The reason that his property was confiscated by the country, it ____ , was that he was involved in a lot of fraudulent activities du ring the war.

  A. was turned out B. was being turned out

  C. being turned out D. turned out

  6. I’ d rather you ____ by train because the weather fo recast said there would be heavy snow tomorrow.

  A. went B. should go C. will go D. go

  7. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany u

  ntil the rise of Nazism ____ he was expelled from Germany becaus

  e he was a Jew.

  A. when B. who C. then D. which

  8. Nowhere but in the remotest region of the country ____find a place to settle down.

  A. can he B. he can C. he D. for him to

  9. With one leg broken in that car accident, he cannot even walk, ____ run.

  A. let alone B. that’ s to say

  C. not to speak D. not to mention

  10. ____ , she led a life of complete seclusion.

  A. Being disgraced B. Disgraced

  C. Disgracing D. She was disgraced

  11. Sometimes a bus ____ gets on the bus to check the tickets.

  A. agent B. officer C. conductor D. inspector

  12. He made a quick ____ from his illness.

  A. relief B. recovery C. survival D. relaxation

  13. ____ the stress of examinations are over, we can a ll relax.

  A. While B. Even though C. Now that D. For

  14. My cousin Nancy is often in a poisonous mood; I suppose it’ s because sh e is ____ child.

  A. one B. a lone C. a single D. an only

  15. ____ the factors already referred to, people somet imes feel insecure because their motives are misunderstood by others.

  A. But for B. Except for C. Apart from D. Except that

  16. If the scheme is ____ carried out without waste of time or energy I shall be completely satisfied.

  A.relatively B. noticeably

  C. appropriately D. efficiently

  17. One day we all may find it useful to have a(n) ____for sending documents, writing any pictures across the telephone lines.

  A. receiver B. echo C. extension D. facility

  18. To their credit the Department of Energy ____ thes e ideas and funded a detailed study.

  A. took over B. took on C. took up D. took to

  19. Feeling that she was in the right, she took ____ a t the dirty remark.

  A. protection B. offense C. defense D. guard

  20. They agreed to share in common any ____ of funds a fter all expenses were paid in full.

  A. sufficiency B. surpass C. excess D. surplus

  21. He was  ____ her in intelligence.

  A. below B. under C. beneath D. down

  22. It took a lot of imagination to come up with such an ____ plan.

  A. bright B. clever C. brilliant D. ingenious

  23. In the refining process, rice and flour lose much of their ____ .

  A. acid B. alcohol C. vitamin D. sulphur

  24. Individual lines of the poem were very beautiful, but I didn’ t see how the lines fit together. To me, the poem wasn’ t ____ .

  A. inherent B. coherent C. logical D. corporate

  25. To an especially sensitive child, a simple scolding can be a ____experience.

  A. hysterical B. grievous C. gracious D. sensible

  试题答案与解析 

  

  1. A) 【句意】 由于铝总是和其它元素结合在一起,最常见的是和氧气在一起,所以自然界中哪里也不会找到单独的铝元素。

  【难点】 owing to是介词,后应接名词或动名词,根据题意,应接被动

  语态形式。

  2. C) 【句意】 当今的物理就是以前被称之为自然哲学的等同物,大多数现代科学都产生于自然哲学。

  【难点】 what used to be called作定语,修饰 natural philosophy,fro m which引导一个非限制性定语从句。

  3. A) 【句意】 你决不应该把小孩一个人放在家里。

  【难点】 on no account意为“决不”属否定意义的词,引导倒装句,所

  以只有 A)项正确。

  4. B) 【句意】 太阳系的中心是太阳而不是地球这一事实被中世纪的教会认为是异端邪说。

  【难点】 That引导主语从句,全句的谓语是 was considered.

  5. D) 【句意】 后来证明他的财产被国家没收的原因是,战争期间他参与了诈骗活动。

  【难点】 it turned out (to be)这里作插入语,意为“证明是…”。

  6. A) 【句意】 我宁愿你乘火车去,因为天气预报说明天将有大雪。

  【难点】 would rather后接虚拟语气的从句,用一般过去时。

  7. A) 【句意】 爱因斯坦于 1921年获诺贝尔奖金,在德国享有盛誉。后来随着纳粹主义的兴起,他被逐出德国,因为他是个犹太人。

  【难点】 关系副词 when引导的定语从句修饰名词词组 the rise of Nazism。

  8. A) 【句意】 他只能在最遥远的地方找个安身之处。

  【难点】 Nowhere是否定副词,位于句首引导倒装句。

  9. A) 【句意】 在车祸中,他的一条腿骨折,他连走路都不行,更不用说跑了。

  【难点】 let alone意为“更不必说”; not to mention意为“再加上”; that is to say意为“也就是说”。

  10. B) 【句意】 失宠后,她过着完全隐居的生活。

  【难点】 disgraced在这里是过去分词作状语,表示伴随状态。

  11. C) 【句意】 有时,公共汽车检票员上车查票。

  【难点】 bus conductor意为“公共汽车售票员”; agent意为“代理人,中介人”; officer意为“军官,官员”; inspector意为“检查员,视察员”。

  12. B) 【句意】 他很快恢复了健康。

  【难点】 recovery意为“恢复,复苏”,后接介词 from;relief意为“宽慰,安心”; relaxation意为“放松”; survival意为“生存”。

  

  13. C) 【句意】 既然考试的紧张已经过去,我们现在可以放松了。

  【难点】 now that意为“既然;由于”,用于新的事情的发生,接一般现

  在时的句子。 wh ile意为“虽然”; even though意为“即使”, for意为“因为”,不能用于句首。

  14. D) 【句意】 我表妹南希的情绪经常很糟,我想这是因为她是独生子的缘故。

  【难点】 表示“独生子”的时候,只能说 an only child。

  15. C) 【句意】 除了已经提及的因素外,有时人们感到不安全是因为他们的动机被他人误解。

  【难点】 apart from是包含在内的“除了”; excepr for和 except that是不包含在内的除了; but for意为“要不是”。

  16. D) 【句意】 如果计划能在不浪费时间和精力的情况下得到有效实施,我将十分满意。

  【难点】 efficiently意为“有效地”; relatively意为“相对地”; not iceably意为“显而易见地”; appropriately意为“恰当地”。

  17. D) 【句意】 有朝一日我们会发现,拥有一个能通过电话线发送信息、绘制图片的设备是非常有用的。

  【难点】 facility意为“设备”; receiver意为“电话听筒”; echo意为“回声;回音”; extension意为“分机”。

  18. C) 【句意】 令他们感到光荣的是,能源部采纳了这些想法并为一个详细的研究报告作了资助。

  【难点】 take up意为“采纳 (观点 )”; take over意为“接收,接管,占据”; take on意为“承担”; take to意为“喜欢上”。

  19. B) 【句意】 她觉得自己有理,因此,她对这样肮脏的话语十分恼怒。

  【难点】 take offence意为“对…生气”; protection意为“保护”; de fense意为“防卫”; guard意为“看守;警戒”。

  20. D) 【句意】 他们同意在全部费用支出后共享剩余的资金。

  【难点】 surplus意为“剩余,剩余额”; sufficiency意为“足量,充足”; surpass是动词,不适合本句 ;excess意为“超过”。

  21. A) 【句意】 他的智力不如她。

  【难点】 below意为“ (智力、地位、军阶等 )低于” ;under意为“ (尺寸、

  价值、数量、程度、标准等 )少于,低于” ;beneath意为“在…下方; (地位,级别等 )低于,次于”; down意为“往…下端”。

  22. D) 【句意】 想出这样一个天才的计划需要丰富的想象力。

  【难点】 ingenious意为“ (方法等 )巧妙的;制作精巧的; bright意为“聪明的,机灵的”; c lever意为“头脑机敏的,伶俐的” ;brilliant意为“才华横溢的,有才能的”。

  23. C) 【句意】 在加工过程中,大米和面粉失去大量维生素。

  【难点】 vitamin是“维生素”,其它词义不符本题。 acid是“酸”; alc ohol是“酒精”; sulphur是“硫”。

  24. B) 【句意】 这首诗的每个单行写得很美,但我不明白各行是如何联系在一起的。依我看,这首诗不连贯。

  【难点】 coherent意为“连贯的,紧凑的”; inherent意为“内在的,固

  有的”; logical意为“逻辑的”; corporate意为“社团的,法人的”。

  25. B) 【句意】 对十分敏感的儿童来说,一次简单的呵斥可能会成为极其痛苦的经历。

  【难点】 grievous意为“极痛苦的”; hysterical意为“情绪暴躁不能控制的”; gracious意为“亲切的,有礼的”; sensible意为“明白事理的;合情理的”。

  

  

编辑:廖书曼 来源:沪江英语网

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