专业四级考前恶补--语法(2)

http://www.youth.cn  2013-09-22 14:02:05  中国青年网

  Test Four

  定语从句中关系代词 that的用法

  1)在既指人又指事物的两个或两个以上的先行词后面。例如:

  They are talking about the people and countries that they had visited.

  

  2)在限制性定语从句中有形容词最高级的先行词后面。例如:

  He is the best student that I have ever met.

  

  3)在以“ It is...” ,“ It was...”等开头的强调句中,和相应的疑问句中。如:

  What is it that he wants?

  

  4)在 only, all, little的后面

  This is all that I know.

  

  5)在 no, every, some和 any等词后面,也包括在它们的复合词在内。如:

  There is no person that is always in the right.

  Is there anything that I can do for you?

  

  近义词辨析

  

  beautiful, good looking, handsome, lovely, pretty

  这组词均含有“美丽”、“漂亮”、“可爱”的意思。

  Beautiful指能不仅给人带来感官上的快乐,而且通过感官产生思想和灵魂的愉悦,在同类词中层次最高。

  She was even more beautiful than I had remembered.她比我记忆中的她更漂亮了。

  good looking不如 handsome, pretty意思强烈,指一般的“好看”或“悦目”。

  That good looking young man visited the house once or twice a week.那个长相不错的年轻人一星期光顾一两次。

  handsome通常是一种客观的不带感情色彩的评价。一个人如被形容为 handsome,是指此人外貌符合观察者的要求,但不激发更深层的感受。

  He looked very handsome in his dark suit.他穿深色西装显得非常英俊。

  lovely比感官的快乐更进一步,是强调纯粹情感上的愉悦,指觉得某人或某物“可爱”。

  Mary has two lovely daughters.玛丽有两个可爱的女儿。

  pretty也是“漂亮、可爱”的意思。很少形容大而有影响力的事物,多形容事物不以其优秀、完美而以小巧、优雅、精致见长,使人容易接受并喜爱。

  Her boyfriend believes that she is the prettiest girl in the town.她男朋友觉得她是镇上最漂亮的女孩。

  全真模拟试题

  1. Evidence came up ______ specific sounds are recognized by babies as young as six months old.

  A. what B. that C. which D. whose

  2. I understand ______ preparation that staff must put in under pressure to meet the deadline.

  A. more than the enormous amount of

  B. better than most the enormous number of

  C. better than most the enormous amount of 

  D. fewer than the number of

  

  3. I’ m sure your suggestion will ______ the problem.

  A. contribute to solving 

  B. be contributed to solve 

  C. contribute to solve 

  D. be contributed to solving

  

  4. In 1840, both Lucretian Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton resented ______ proper seating at the World’ s Anti slavery convention in London because of their sex.

  A. refusing B. to be refused 

  C. being refused D. having refused

  

  5. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it

   ______ before the West was settled.

  A. could B. did C. would D. was

  

  6. You should have put the milk into the ice box, I expect it ______ undrinkable.

  A. became B. had become

  C. has become D. becomes

  

  7. It’ s no good ______ him. He is always indifferent towards others’ matters.

  A. to turn to B. turning to C. turn to D. turned to

  

  8. Some companies have introduced flexible working time with less emphasis

  on pressure ______ .

  A. than more on efficiency 

  B. and more on efficiency 

  C. and more efficiency 

  D. than efficiency

  

  9. She always put her medication on the top of the shelf lest the children

   ______ it by mistake.

  A. took B. should take C. had taken D. would take

  

  10. The earnings of women are well below that of men ______

  educational differences that are diminishing between the two sexes.

  A. although B. though C. despite of D. in spite of

  

  11. Many automobile accidents were ______ careless driving.

  A. attributed to B. resulted in 

  C. contributed to D. raised from

  

  12. The actress wanted a hat to ______ her dress.

  A. go by B. go through C. go out D. go with

  

  13. It takes a lot of ______ to put on a school play such

  as King Lear.

  A. organization B. arrangement

  C. management D. preparation

  

  14. The police carried out a(n) ______ search for the mising boy.

  A. complete B. entire C. thorough D. whole

  

  15. The ______ crown jewels are kept in the Tower of London.

  A. valued B. valueless C. invaluable D. usable

  

  16. Tom has been a vegetarian ______ principle for years.

  A. in B. on C. for D. by

  

  17. When I got out of the car and walked about among them, ______

  one old man who shook his head disapprovingly, they all began to cheer.

  A. see that B. except that 

  C. provided that D. except for

  

  18. ______ the water left in the kettle, the doctor put

  several things he unwrapped from a handkerchief.

  A. At B. To C. Within D. Into

  

  19. I am ______ grateful for the many kindnesses you have shown my son.

  A. excessively B. much C. certainly D. exceedingly

  

  20. The ______ of AIDS has led to an expansion in resear

  ch seeking a cure.

  A. innovation B. selection C. proliferation D. conviction

  21. I am sorry I have no time at present to ______ more

  detail or give you an account of other cities of interest.

  A. bring into B. take into C. come into D. go into

  

  22. When the idea of winning in sports is carried to excess, ______

  competition can turn into disorder and violence.

  A. honestly B. honest C. honorable D. honorary

  

  23. Unless all the members agree to  ______ to the plan

  there may be further development in the course of action.

  A. tumble B. stick C. come D. adjust

  

  24. You must pay import ______ on certain goods brought

  into this country.

  A. money B. fees C. bills D. duties

  

  25. We expect Mr. White will ______ Class One when Miss

  Jane retires.

  A. take over B. take up C. take off D. take to

  

  试题答案与解析

  1. B)

  【句意】 有证据表明,小至六个月的婴儿就能识别具体的声音。

  【难点】 evidence后面的同位语从句被全句的谓语动词 came up隔开,同

  位语从句须由 that引导,所以 B)项正确。

  

  2. C)

  【句意】 我比多数人更能理解员工们在最后期限的压力下所做的大量准备工作。

  【难点】 understand better than...意为“对…非常理解”。 preparation是不可数名词,须用 amount修饰,故选 C)。

  3. A)

  【句意】 我相信你的建议将有助于问题的解决。

  【难点】 contribute to意为“有助于,促成”, to是介词,所以后面应接名词或动名词,故选 A)。

  4. C)

  【句意】 1840年,露克里蒂安·莫特和伊丽莎白·凯蒂·斯坦顿因为他们的性别而没有得到伦敦世界废奴大会的席位,他们对此表示愤慨。

  【难点】 resent后接名词或动名词作宾语,根据句意的要求,应使用动名词的被动语态形式,故选 C)。

  5. B)

  【句意】 作为一个国家来说,美国将不再具有开拓西部前所具有的那种冒险精神。

  【难点】 从意义来看,空格应填 had,但主句中 have是实义动词,为避免重复,可用助动词 do替代,即用 did替代 had,故 B)为答案。

  6. C)

  【句意】 你本该把牛奶放到冰里。我想现在这牛奶不能喝了。

  【难点】 从句意分析,牛奶已经变质,不能喝了,属过去发生的动作对现在造成影响,再加上 by now是现在完成时的典型时间状语,故选 C)

  7. B)

  【句意】 向他求助没用,他对别人的事总是漠不关心。

  【难点】 It is no good doing sth是一个常见的句型,意为“做…没用”, no good后面应接动名词形式。

  8. B)

  【句意】 有些公司采用弹性工作时间制,更注重效率,而不是压力。

  【难点】 pressure和 efficiency处于并列的位置,所以正确答案是 B)。 and more on efficiency,即 more(emphasis) on efficiency。

  9. B)

  【句意】 她总是把自己的药放到搁架上以免孩子错拿。

  【难点】 lest意为“以免”,后接虚拟语气 should+动词原形。

  10. D)

  【句意】 尽管两性之间所受教育的差别正在缩小,妇女的收入仍大大低于男人的收入。

  【难点】 四个选项中只有 in spite of后可接名词, despite不能和 of连用, although和 though是连词,后接从句。

  11. A)

  【句意】 许多汽车交通事故都起因于莽撞驾车。

  【难点】 attribute to意为“把…归因于; contribute to意为“有助于,促成”; result in意为“导致,结果造成”; raise from不是固定搭配。

  12. D)

  【句意】 那个女演员想要一个与她的连衣裙相配的帽子。

  【难点】 go with意为“与…相配”; go by意为“根据…作出判断”; go through意为“通过;经历”; go out意为“过时”。

  13. A)

  【句意】 上演《李尔王》这样一部校园剧需要大量的组织工作。

  【难点】 organization意为“组织 (行为 )”; arrangement意为“安排”; management意为“经营,管理”; preparation意为“准备 (状态 );准备工作”。

  14. C)

  【句意】 警方为寻找失踪的男孩进行了一次彻底搜寻。

  【难点】 thorough意为“彻底的”; complete意为“完全的,全部的”; entire意为“整个的,全部的”; whole意为“全体的,全部的”。

  15. C)

  【句意】 那些无价的皇冠珠宝保存在伦敦塔里。

  【难点】 invaluable意为“非常宝贵的,无价的”; valued意为“受重视的;宝贵的”; valueless意为“没有价值的,毫无用处的”; usable意为“可用的,能用的”。

  16. B)

  【句意】 多年来,汤姆一直是一个按原则行事的素食者。

  【难点】 on principle意为“根据行为准则;按照原则”; in principle意为“原则上;基本上;大体上”。 for和 by不与 principle搭配。

  17. D)

  【句意】 当我下车走在他们中间的时候,除了一个老头不满地摇了摇头,大家都开始欢呼。

  【难点】 except for意为“除…以外”,后接名词; see that意为“留意…;负责…;务必

  …”; except that意为“除去…之外”后接句子; provided that意为“倘若,在…条件下”。

  18. D)

  【句意】 那位医生打开手帕里包着的几样东西,放入了壶内剩下的水里。

  【难点】 为强调放入水中,把地点状语放到了句首。

  19. D)

  【句意】 我非常感激你给我儿子的那么多照顾。

  【难点】 exceedingly意为“非常,极其”; excessively意为“过多地,过分地”; much

  常以 too much,so much,very much的形式出现; certainly意为“无疑地;一定”。

  20. C)

  【句意】 爱滋病的扩散使得人们做更多的研究工作去寻找治疗的方法。

  【难点】 proliferation意为“激增;扩散”; innovation意为“革新,创新”; selection意为“选择;选

  拔”; conviction意为“定罪,判罪”。

  21. D)

  【句意】 对不起,我眼下没时间讲得更细,也不能把其它旅游城市给你进行一个描述。

  【难点】 go into意为“叙述;讨论”; bring后面很少加 into; take into和 come into与本题意不符。

  22. C)

  【句意】 当竞争意识发展到极端时,荣誉可能变成混乱和暴力。

  【难点】 honorable意为“荣誉的,光荣的”; honestly是副词,意为“诚实地”,不能修

  饰名词, honest虽能修饰名词,但其意义不合题意; honorary意为“ (学位、称号等 )作为一种荣誉而授予的,名誉的”。

  23. B)

  【句意】 除非所有成员都同意坚持这个计划,否则行动过程中会有进一步改进。

  【难点】 stick to意为“坚持;坚守”; tumble to意为“突然察觉”; come to意为“降临,发生”; adjust to意为“调整;适应”。

  24. D)

  【句意】 带入本国的某些商品要交进口税。

  【难点】 duties意为“税,关税”; bill意为“帐单”; fee意为“费”。

  24. A)

  【句意】 我们希望珍妮小姐退休后,怀特先生能够接管一班。

  【难点】 take over意为“接收,接管”; take up意为“开始采用;采取,承担”; take off意为“脱去;拿掉”; take to意为“开始从事;开始沉湎于”。

  Test Five

  be+不定式结构

  表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作。例如:

  There’ s to be an investigation.

  I am to have tea with Betty this afternoon.

  这一结构常见于报纸和广播,用以宣布官方的计划或决定。例如:

  The Queen is to visit Japan next year.

  二是表示命令、禁止或可能性等。例如:

  You are to stand here. Do you understand?

  Tell her she’ s not to be back late.

  一般现在时也可表达将来时间,常见于条件状

  语和时间状语从句。例如:

  If she comes, I’ ll tell her all about it.

  Wait here till the meeting is over.

  It won’ t be long before the rain stops.

  

  近义词辨析

  begin, commence, initiate, launch, start

  这组词均含有“开始”的意思。

  在这组词中最常用,泛指开始做某事。但口语中近年来 start用得较多。

  The band began to play joyful music.乐队开始演奏欢快的音乐。

  commence比 begin用法正式。在宗教或其它仪式及军事用语中人们倾向用 commence.

  The officer ordered the soldiers to commence the attack.军官命令士兵开始进攻。

  initiate指进程中的第一步,与何时停止或结束没有关系。

  The government has initiated a new reform program.政府启动了新的改革方案。

  launch指开始或着手一项活动、计划等大规模或声势浩大的行动,行动前或行动中有一定的宣传鼓动。 

  The company will launch an advertising compaign to introduce its new product.那个公司要发起广告攻势推出自己的新产品。

  Start与 stop构成反义用法,指从一特定地点出发,由静止或等待状态开始做某事。在口语中常可代替 begin。 

  They started operations at once.他们马上开始行动。

  

  全真模拟试题

  1. ______ in the past, at the moment it is a favorite

  choice for wedding gown.

  A. Unpopular has as white been 

  B. White has been as unpopular

  C. Unpopular has been as white 

  D. Unpopular as white has been

  

  2. ______ for a long time, the fields are all dried up.

  A. There has been no rain

  B. Having no rain 

  C. There having been no rain

  D. There being no rain

  

  3. The millions of calculations involved, ______ by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished.

  A. had they been done 

  B. they had been done 

  C. having been done 

  D. they were done

  

  4. Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment

   ______ .

  A. which they are happening

  B. they are happening 

  C. which they happen 

  D. they have happened

  

  5. ______ me most was that the young boy who had lost

  both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet.

  A. That amazed B. It amazed

  C. Which amazed D. What amazed

  

  6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very

  young, ______ she was twenty five.

  A. her first real success did not come until 

  B. her real first success came until not

  C. since her first real success did not come until

  D. not until her first real success

  

  7. You should know better than ______ your little sis

  ter at home by herself.

  A. to leave B. leaving C. to have left D. left

  

  8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we ______

  grab a bite at the snack bar.

  A. may well B. just as well 

  C. might as well D. as well

  

  9. She resorted to ______ when she had no money to buy

  foods for her children.

  A. have stolen B. steal C. stole D. stealing

  

  10. The boy has admitted to ______ the window while playing football yesterday.

  A. breaking B. having been broken 

  C. break D. be breaking

  

  11. Betty advised me to label our luggage carefully in case it gets _____ in transit.

  A. misused B. mishandled C. mistaken D. mislaid

  

  12. ______ money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy.

  A. Concerning B. As to 

  C. In terms of D. In the light of

  

  13. A well written composition ______ good choice of

  words and clear organization among other things.

  A. calls for B. calls on C. calls up D. calls off

  

  14. It is ______ with the customer not to let the shop

   assistants guess what she really likes and wants until the last moment.

  A. in her honor B. on her honor 

  C. a point of honor D. an honor

  

  15. This house will probably come on the ______ next month.

  A. fair B. market C. shop D. store

  

  16. George was introduced to ______ activities at a young age, when she was hire to act as a lookout for drugdealers.

  A. illegal B. lawful C. faithful D. peaceful

  

  17. An institution that properly carries the name university is a more comprehensive and complex institution than any other kind of higher education _________ .

  A. settlement B. establishment C. costruction D. structure

  

  18. People’ s status in society is frequently ______ by

  how much they own.

  A. measured B. examined C. tested D. questioned

  

  19. Jack is so ______ to his appearance that he never

  has his clothes pressed.

  A. adverse B. anonymous C. indifferent D. casual

  

  20. There is an increasing ______ to make movies describing violence.

  A. strength B. direction C. tradition D. trend

  

  21. Outside my office window there is a fire ______ on

  the right.

  A. escape B. ladder C. steps D. stairs

  

  22. I ______ with the Browns during my stay in New York City.

  A. put in B. put down C. put on D. put up

  

  23. Operations which left patients ______ and in need

  of long periods of discovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable.

  A. exhausted B. unhealthy C. upset D. fearful

  

  24. Farmers are allowed to grow small gardens of their own and they sell

  their vegetables ______ the black market.

  A. on B. at C. in D. for

  

  25. The electric fan does not work because of the ______

  of service.

  A. pause B. break C. interruption D. breakdown

  

  试题答案与解析

  1. D)

  【句意】 虽然白色过去不受欢迎,但目前它是婚纱的首选颜色。

  【难点】 as是连词,引导让步状语从句时,往往使用半倒装形式。又如:

  Beautiful as she is, she is foolish.

  2. C)

  【句意】 由于长时间无雨,田野变得十分干燥。

  【难点】 该句的前半部分是 There be结构,完成式独立结构形式,这与时

  间状语 for a long time相吻合。

  3. A)

  【句意】 数百万次计算如果用手工操作,那么,到计算结束的时候,就将失去其全部实际意义。

  【难点】 这是一句虚拟语气的句子,条件句使用了省略 if的倒装句形式,

  动作与过去事实相反。

  4. B)

  【句意】 电视使我们能够在事情发生的那一瞬间就看到它们是如何发生的。

  【难点】 moment后接的是省略关系副词 when的定语从句。 B)符合题意要求。

  5. D)

  【句意】 最令我惊讶的是,这个在车祸

  中失去双臂的小男孩能够用脚使用钢笔。

  【难点】 这是一个 what从句作主语的典型句子。

  6. A)

  【句意】 虽然她很小的时候就写了很多

  短篇小说和诗歌,但她直到 25岁才迎来第一次真正的成功。

  【难点】 这是一个练习 not until结构的句子。

  7. A)

  【句意】 你应该知道,不该把你小妹妹

  一个人留在家里。

  【难点】 to know better than to do sth.是一个常见的表示责备的句型,意为“应该知道不该做某事”。

  8. C)

  【句意】 既然火车一个小时以后才开,我们不妨到快餐店吃口东西。

  【难点】 might as well后接动词原形,意为“不妨,何不”。

  9. D)【句意】 当她没钱为孩子买吃的东西时

  ,她开始偷。

  【难点】 resort to意为 :求助于,其中 to是介词,后接动名词。

  9. A)

  【句意】 那个男孩承认在昨天踢足球的时候打破了窗子。

  【难点】 admit to中的 to是介词,后接名词或动名词。

  10. D)

  【句意】 贝蒂建议我把我们的行李认真地贴上标签以免运输中放错位置。

  【难点】 mislay意为“把……放错地方”; misuse意为“错用滥用”; mi

  shandle意为“瞎弄,胡乱操作”; mistake意为“误选”。

  11. C)

  【句意】 就钱而言,她很富裕。然而这并不意味着她幸福。

  【难点】 in terms of意为“从……方面来说”; concerning意为“关于

  ”; as to也是“关于;至于”; in the light of意为“鉴于,由于”。

  12. A)

  【句意】 一篇好文章,除其它因素外,还要求选词优美,组织清晰。

  【难点】 call for意为“要求,需要”; call on意为“号召,请求” ;call up意为“使人想起” ; call off意为“取消,停止做”。

  13. C)

  【句意】 对于顾客来说,直到最后时刻

  才让售货员猜出她真正喜欢什么,真正想买什么,这是一个涉及面子的问题。

  【难点】 a point of honor意为“涉及名誉的事情”; in one’ s honor意为“为某人的

  荣誉”; on one’ s honor意为“以名誉担保”; an honor意为“光荣的人或事”。

  14. B)

  【句意】 这座房子可能下月上市。

  【难点】 on the market意为“上市,出售”; fair意为“集市;庙会;交易会” ;shop是“商店”; store是“储存;仓库”。

  15. A)

  【句意】 很小的时候,乔治被介绍参与

  了非法活动,他受雇为毒贩子放哨。

  【难点】 illegal意为“不合法的,非法的”; lawful意为“依法的,守定的”; faithful意为“忠实的,守信的”; peaceful意为“平静的;安宁的”。

  16. B)

  【句意】 能称得上大学称号的机构是一个比其他种类高等教育机构都更复杂更综合的机构。

  【难点】 establishment意为“企业,设施(公司,学校,医院,教会等)”; settlement

  意为“定居点;殖民地”; construction意为“建造;建筑物”; structure是“结构,构造”。

  17. A)

  【句意】 人的社会地位常常由他们拥有的财富的多少来衡量。

  【难点】 measure意为“估量,衡量”; examine意为“检查;仔细观察”; test意为“试验,测试”; question意为“询问,审问”。

  18. C)

  【句意】 杰克从不注意自己的外表,衣服从来不烫。

  【难点】 indifferent意为“漠不关心的”; adverse意为“不利的,反

  对的”; anonymous意为“匿名的”; casual意为“非正式的,不拘礼节的”。

  19. D)

  【句意】 暴力片的拍摄大有上升趋势。

  【难点】 trend意为“倾向,趋势”; strength意为“力量,实力”; direction意为“方向” ;tradition意为“传统”。

  20. A)

  【句意】 我办公室的窗外右侧有一个救生楼梯。

  【难点】 fire escape意为“防火安全楼梯(位于楼房的外侧面)”; ladder意为“梯子”; steps意为“台阶”; stairs意为“楼梯”,指室内的。

  21. D)

  【句意】 我在纽约市逗留期间和布朗一家人过了一夜。

  【难点】 put up意为“宿夜”; put in意为“度过,消磨(时间等)” ;

  put down意为“写下,记录”; put on意为“上演,演出”。

  22. A)

  【句意】 以前,病人手术后精疲力竭,需长时间才能恢复,现在手术的病人却感到既轻松又舒适。

  【难点】 exhausted意为“精疲力竭的”; unhealthy意为“不健康的”

  ; upset意为“苦恼的,不适的”; fearful意为“担心的,可怕的”。

  23. A)

  【句意】 农夫们被允许在自己的菜园耕种,并将蔬菜拿到黑市上去卖。

  【难点】 on the market意为“上市, 出售中”,其它介词搭配不合适。

  24. C)

  【句意】 由于中止了服务,所以电扇不转了。

  【难点】 interruption意为“中止,中断”; pause意为“暂停,间歇

  ”; break意为“停顿,间歇” ;breakdown意为“损坏,故障”。

  

  Test Six

  有关否定

  1)通常作复数的集体名词

  1)双重否定最常见的形式有:

  no(not)...but...没有……不……

  no(not)...without...没有……不,除……不

  no(not)...unless没有……就不……

  not...until直到……才……

  例如: There is no one but knows it.没有一个人不知道此事。

  

  2)can not与副词 too,enough, sufficiently, over, too much等词连用时,意为“无

  论怎样也不过分”,“越…越”。例如:

  You cannot be too careful.你越仔细越好。

  We cannot praise him too much.我们无论怎样赞扬他也不过分。

  

  近义词辨析

  break, crack, crush, shatter,break, smash

  这组词均含有“打破”或“挤碎”的意思。

  break是这组词中最常用的,指使某件东西破碎。 

  If you break that vase, you’ ll have to pay for it.如果打破了那只花瓶,你就得赔偿。

  crack 指打裂某物,但不一定打碎,因而通常不会成为碎片。

  You may crack these nuts with a hammer.你可以用锤子把这些坚果敲开。

  crush强调挤压或踩的动作,毁坏程度取决于被压物的组织结构,或变形,或成小块,或可恢复原状。 

  To make wine, you first crush the grapes.若要造酒,需先将葡萄压碎。

  shatter打破某物,力大到使碎片飞出很远,常指整件东西完全被毁。 

  The explosion shattered most of the windows in the building.爆炸震碎了那座大楼的大部分窗玻璃。

  smash 突出暴力,击打时动作较猛,被击打的东西往往完全报废。

  He smashed the window with a brick.他用砖块击碎窗玻璃。

  

  全真模拟试题

  1. ______ native to North America, corn has now spread

  all over the world.

  A. In spite of B. That it is C. It was D. Although

  

  2. Our civilization cannot be thought of as ______ in

  a short period of time.

  A. to have been created B. to be created

  C. having been created D. being created

  

  3. We feel it is high time that the Government ______

  something to check the inflation.

  A. did B. do C.should do D. would do

  

  4. It has been proposed that we ______ our decision un

  til the next meeting.

  A.delayed B.delay C. can delay D. are to delay

  

  5. Hurricanes are severe cyclones with winds over seventy five miles an

  hour ______ originate over tropical ocean waters.

  A. which B. who C. where D.how to

  

  6. ______ is announced in the papers, our country has

  launched a large scale movement against smuggling and fraudulent activities in foreign currency exchange deals.

  A. What B. As C. Which D. That

  

  7. All the flights ______ because of the snowstorm, we

  had to take the train instead.

  A.were canceled B. had been canceled

  C. having canceled D. having been canceled

  

  8. Once ______ , this power station will supply all the

  neighboring towns and villages with electricity.

  A. it being completed B. it completed 

  C. completed D. it completes

  

  9. He might have been killed ______ the timely arrival

  of the ambulance.

  A. but for B. except for C. besides D. except

  

  10. If you have never planted anything, you won’ t be able to know the pleasure of watching the thing you have planted ______ .

  A.grow B. to grow

  C. growing D. to be growing

  

  11. He did me a ______ turn by lending me ten pounds.

  A. good B. nice C. fine D. pretty

  

  12. Once our chickens started laying eggs, we had such a ______

  of eggs that we were giving many away to our neighbors.

  A. output B. surplus C. production D. plenty

  

  13. Following are comments about the behavior that people in Korea usually expect in various social

   ______ .

  A. occasions B. cases C.situations D. circumstances

  

  14. They have considered their high standard of living a(n) ______

  for practising their basic beliefs.

  A. award B. reward C. result D. consequence

  

  15. Mac’ s close ______ to his brother made people mistake them for one another.

  A. resemblance B. identity

  C. appearance D. relationship

  

  16. The thieves ______ the waste paper all over the room while they were searching for the diamond ring.

  A. spread B. scratched C.scattered D. burned

  

  17. The sight of the fruit salad made our daughter Kit’ s mouth ______ .

  A. wet B. water C. soak D. taste

  

  18. The ______ problem of bring a space ship back from the moon has been solved.

  A. technical B. technological C. technique D. technology

  

  19. A large part of a person’ s memory is ______ words and combination of words.

  A.by means of B. in terms of

  C. in connection with D. by way of

  

  20. At her word she stood up and walked away, stopping at the window to pull back the curtain and ______ .

  A.look round B. look out C. look up D. look on

  

  21. Their happiness was very ______ .

  A. crisp B. brittle C. delicate D. fragile

  

  22. I was awfully tired when I got home from work, but a half hour nap

   ______ me.

  A.revived B. released C. relieved D. recovered

  

  23. We should always keep in mind that ______ decisions often lead to bitter regrets.

  A.hasty B. instant C. prompt D.rapid

  

  24. Information and opinion gap exercises have to have some content ______ talking about.

  A. worthwhile B. worthily C. worth D. worthy

  

  25.“ If we fail to act now,” said Tom,“ We’ ll find ourselves ______ in action later on.”

  A.paid back B. paid for C.paid up D.paid off

  

  试题答案与解析

  1. D)

  【句意】 玉米虽原产于北美洲,但现在已遍及全世界。

  【难点】 四个选项中, B)和 C)不合理。 A)项的 in spite of是复合介词,后接

  名词。 D)项的 although是连词,后接从句,在本句中接的是一个省略主语的从句。

  2. C)

  【句意】 不应把我们的文明看作是短期内创造出来的。

  【难点】 as在这里是介词,后面应接名词性质的词, create的动作是过

  去发生的,所以选 C)。

  3. A)

  【句意】 我们认为该到政府采取措施抑制通货膨胀的时候了。

  【难点】 it is high time that后面接虚拟语气,时态用一般过去时,意

  为“该到…时候了”。

  4. B)

  【句意】 有人建议我们应将我们的决定推迟到下次会议作出。

  【难点】 在 suggest, propose, demand ,insist等动词后面的宾语从句

  中,应使用( should) +动词原形的虚拟语气。

  5. A)

  【句意】 飓风是生成于热带海洋水域上空、风速达每小时 75英里以上的强烈气旋。

  【难点】 关系代词 which引导的定语从句修饰名词 winds.

  6.B)

  【句意】 正如报界所宣传的那样,我国

  已发起大规模反走私和反欺诈性外币交易的运动。

  【难点】 as在这里是一个代词,常用在类似 as is well known这样的句子

  中,意为“这一点”。

  7.D)

  【句意】 所有航班因暴风雪都被取消,

  我们不得不改乘火车。

  【难点】 该句的前半句使用的是独立结构,由于动作发生在过去,所以根

  据题意要求,使用了完成式被动语态。

  8.C)

  【句意】 这座电站一建成竣工,就将向

  周围城乡供电。

  【难点】 once在这里是连词,意为“一旦…就…”,后面省略了 it is。

  9.A)

  【句意】 要不是救护车及时到达,他可

  能就没命了。

  【难点】 but for意为“要不是”,它的典型使用就是在虚拟语气的句子

  中,所以正合题意。

  10.A)

  【句意】 如果你从未种植过任何东西,

  你就不会明白观察你种植的东西生长所带来的快乐。

  【难点】 watch后接不带 to的不定式作宾语补足语。

  11.A)

  【句意】 他借给我十英磅,算是给我做

  了件好事。

  【难点】 当 turn为“行为,举止”时,常与 good,bad,ill, evil连用。 do sb. a good turn意为“做利于某人的事”。

  12.B)

  【句意】 我们的鸡开始下蛋后,我们便

  把剩余的鸡蛋送给邻居。

  【难点】 surplus意为“过剩,剩余”; output意为“产量”; production意为“生产”; plenty意为“丰富,大量”。

  13.A)

  【句意】 下列是有关韩国人在不同的社

  交场合可能有的行为的评论。

  【难点】 occasion意为“场合,节庆活动”; case意为“事实;情况”

  ; situation意为“情况;处理”; circumstance意为“环境;形势”。

  14.B)

  【句意】 他们认为自己的高生活水准是

  对实施基本信仰的一种报偿。

  【难点】 reward意为“报答;奖赏”; award意为“奖;奖品”; result

  意为“结果”; consequence意为“后果”。

  15.A)

  【句意】 麦克和弟弟长得十分相像,人

  们常常把他们俩认错。

  【难点】 这四个名词中 resemblance后面可接介词 to,表示“与相似”。 relationship后面接 to时意为“和…的关系”。

  16.C)

  【句意】 小偷找钻戒的时候,把废纸撒

  落得满屋都是。

  【难点】 scatter意为“散布,撒播”; scratch意为“搔,抓”; spread

  意为“传播;使蔓延”, burn意为“燃烧”。

  17.B)

  【句意】 我女儿凯蒂一看见水果色拉就流口水。

  【难点】 wet意为“湿的”; water意为“流口水”; soak意为“浸湿”

  ; taste意为“品尝”。

  18.A)

  【句意】 使宇宙飞船从月球上返航的技

  术问题已被解决。

  【难点】 technical意为“技术的,技能的”; technological意为“技

  术学的,工艺学的”; technique意为“技术,技能”,是名词; technology意为“技术(学),工艺(学)”,也是名词。

  19.B)

  【句意】 一个人的大部分记忆是用词和

  词的组合进行的。

  【难点】 in terms of意为“用…的话,以…措辞”; by means of意为

  “借着”; in connection with意为“与…相关联,关于”; by way of“经过…,经由…”。

  20.B)

  【句意】 听了她的话,她站起身,走开

  了,然后停在窗前,拉开窗帘,向外眺望。

  【难点】 look out意为“向外看”; look around意为“环顾”; look up

  意为“抬头望,查检”; look on意为“旁观”。

  21D)

  【句意】 他们的幸福非常脆弱。

  【难点】 fragile意为“脆弱的,虚弱的,易碎的”; crisp意为“脆的

  ,新鲜而

  脆生的”; brittle意为“易碎的,易损坏的”; delicate意为“脆的,娇贵的”。

  22.A)

  【句意】 我下班回家的时候累极了,但

  半小时的午睡又使我振作了精神。

  【难点】 revive意为“使恢复精力;使振奋精神”; release意为“放开

  ,松开”; relieve意为“缓解,减轻”; recover意为“恢复(健康,知觉,情绪等);使复原”。

  23.A)

  【句意】 我们应该永远牢牢记住,草率

  的决定常常导致后悔不堪。

  【难点】 hasty意为“草率的,轻率的”; instant意为“立即的,即刻的

  ”, prompt意为

  “敏捷的,及时的,迅速的”; rapid意为“快的,迅速的”。

  24.C)

  【句意】 信息练习和见解分歧练习里必

  须有值得读的内容。

  【难点】 worth意为“值得”,后接 -ing形式的词; worthwhile意为“值

  得做的,值得花费时

  间的”; worthy意为“值得的,应得的”,后接 of; worthily意为“可敬佩地”。

  25.A)

  【句意】 “如果我们不能现在采取行动”,汤姆说,“我们会发现自己在以后的行动中得到回报”。

  【难点】 pay back意为“回报,报答”; pay for意为“为…付出代价”; pay up意为“全部付清”; pay off意为“还清债务;清偿欠 (某人 )的债务”。

编辑:廖书曼 来源:沪江英语网

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专业四级考前恶补--语法(2)
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