专业四级考前恶补--语法(1)

http://www.youth.cn  2013-09-22 14:00:12  中国青年网

  Test One

  集体名词作主语主谓一致

  1)通常作复数的集体名词

  集体名词,如:police, people,cattle,militia,poultry等,

  通常作复数,用复数动词。如:

  Domestic cattle provide us with milk, beef and hides.

  

  2)通常作不可数名词的集体名词

  有些集体名词,如foliage,machinery,equipment,furniture,merchandise,通常作不可数名词,随后的动词用单数。例如:All the machinery in the factory is made in China.

  3)既可作单数也可作复数的集体名词

  集体名词,如audience, committee, class, crew, family, public, government等,既可作单数,也可作复数用。

  The city council is meeting to set its agenda.

  4)a committee,etc. of +复数名词

  如果主语是由“a committee of /a panel of /a board of +复数名词”构成,随后的动词通常用单数。例如:

  A committee of five men and three women is to consider the matter.

  

  近义词辨析

  

  tired, exhausted, fatigued, weary, wornout

  

  这组词均含有“疲惫的”的意思。

  tired可指因体力或脑力消耗太多而需要休息,还可指因长期做某事而失去兴趣。

  Henry was so tired that he went to bed immediately after he got home.亨利很疲惫,一到家就上床睡觉去了。

  

  exhausted

  表达的疲惫程度最强,指因劳累过度而精疲力竭。

  The exhausted engineer fell asleep on the bus.精疲力竭的工程师在公共汽车上睡着了。

  

  fatigued

  所表达的疲劳程度比tired和weary强,表示由于过度劳累而引起疲乏,不能再继续下去。

  He felt fatigued and didn’t want to say a single word.他疲惫不堪,不想说一句话。

  

  weary

  语气比tired强,指由于长时间努力工作或由于做单一的事而引起疲倦。

  After a long and weary wait, the plane finally came to take them back.经过漫长而又令人疲乏的等待后,飞机终于来接他们回去了。

  wornout

  这个词不太正式,多用于口语。

  The troops were wornout after winning the battle.战后,部队疲惫不堪。

  

  全真模拟试题

  1. Although ______ Spanish, he attended the course.

  A. he was knowing B. he is knowing

  C. having a knowledge of D. knows

  

  2. You ______that letter to James. However, you didn’t.

  A. ought to write B. ought to have written

  C. should write D. should be writing

  

  3. Joseph was very lucky ______ with his life; he almost did not get out of the room.

  A. to escape B. to have escaped

  C. to escaping D. to be escaping

  

  4. Bread and butter ______liked by Westerners.

  A. is B. are C. were D. be

  

  5. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ______

  very pleasant to sit on in summer.

  A. which is B. which it is C. it is D. where it is

  

  6. He set up in business ______ his own and was very successful.

  A. in B. of C. on D. by

  

  7. John’s score on the test is the highest in the class; he ______

  last night.

  A. must study B. should have studied

  C. must have studied D. is sure to study

  

  8. Frank almost never received any education, ______?

  A. would he B. did he

  C. didn’t he D. wouldn’t he

  

  9. Even if his letter ______ tomorrow, it ______

  too late to do anything.

  A. will arrive...is B. should arrive...were

  C. arrives...will be D. arrives...would be

  

  10. We can hear ______from the back of the room.

  A. just as good B. just as easy 

  C. just as well D. easily as well

  

  11. To obtain a satisfactory result, one must apply two ______

  of paint on a clean surface.

  A. coats B. levels C. times D. courses

  

  12. The small mountain village was ______ by the snow

  for more than one month.

  A. cut back B. cut out

  C. cut off D. cut away

  

  13. Miss Green was ______ $100 for driving after drinking.

  A. fined B. charged C. punished D. posed

  

  14. Modern ______ perhaps causes more problems than it solves.

  A. technique B. technology

  C. tactics D. tendency

  

  15. Mary tiptoed over and took the clock away because she hated to hear

  it ______ when she was trying to go to sleep.

  A. sounding B. ringing C. ticking D. humming

  

  16. Under this ______ pressure some of the rocks even

  became liquid.

  A. intensive B. weighty C. intense D. bulky

  

  17. Of course, most immigrants did not get rich overnight, but the ______ of them were eventually able to improve upon their former standard of living.

  A. maximum B. minority C. majority D. minimum

  

  18. Nancy was surprised that they have ______. They seemed to be a happy couple.

  A. split up B. broken down 

  C. fallen through D. knocked out

  

  19. The beach is in an ideal ______ to draw tourists.

  A. condition B. situation C. state D. publicity

  

  20. Our ______ sensitivity decreases with age. By age

  60, most people have lost 40 percent of their ability to smell and 50 percent of their taste buds.

  A. sensible B. senseless 

  C. sensitive D. sensory

  

  21. The eldest child is thoroughly ______ because they

  always give him whatever he wants.

  A. wasted B. spoiled

  C. destroyed D. uneducated

  

  22. If a substance is dissolved in water or heated, it may ______ a gas.

  A. give into B. give over

  C. give off D. give away

  

  23. His manner was so pleasant that Bolla felt at ______ with him at once.

  A. peace B. large C. ease D. best

  

  24. —Can you take the day off tomorrow?

  —Well, I’ll have to get ______ from my boss.

  A. permission B. permit

  C. allowance D. possession

  

  25. The ______ in Janet’s character has hindered her from advancement in her career.

  A. weakness B. merit

  C. defect D. shortcoming

  

  您的得分率为: / 25

  

  

  试题答案与解析

  

  1. C) 【句意】虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。

  【难点】know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组have a knowledge of中,所以选C)。

  2. B) 【句意】你本应该给詹姆斯写信,然而,你没写。

  【难点】ought to have written是虚拟语气,与本句句意相符。

  3. B) 【句意】约瑟夫幸运地逃了性命;他险些没从房间里逃出来。

  【难点】to have escaped 是不定式的完成式,表示过去的某一动作业已完成。

  4. A) 【句意】黄油面包受西方人青睐。

  【难点】bread and butter 是西方人吃的一种食品,虽然有三个字,表达的却是一个东西,并且是不可数名词,作单数。

  5. A) 【句意】我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。

  【难点】which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动

  宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。

  6. C) 【句意】他独自一人开始经商,并且做得很成功。

  【难点】on one’s own 是个常用的介词词组,意为“独自”;of one’s own表示“某人自己的(东西)”,如:I have a flat of my own.我自己有套房子。

  7. C) 【句意】约翰的考试分数全班最高;他

  昨天晚上一定学习了。

  【难点】表示对过去某一动作行为的猜测须要用must have done这一句型结构。

  8. B) 【句意】弗兰克几乎从未受过任何教育,是不是?

  【难点】这是一句含有否定副词never的一般过去时的句子,由于主句为

  否定形式,所以反意问句用肯定形式。

  9. C) 【句意】即使他的信明天到也无济于事了。

  【难点】在条件句中表示现在将来的时间,需要用一般现在时,主句中使

  用将来时。

  10. C) 【句意】我们在房间的后面也能听得很清楚。

  【难点】as well意为“(程度)同样地好”,是副词短语修饰动词hear;just表示程度,意为“刚好”。

  11. A) 【句意】为获得一个满意的结果,你必

  须在一个干净的表面上涂两层油漆。

  【难点】coat意为“覆盖物,层”;level意为“(建筑物)楼层”;times意

  为“次,回”;courses意为“(一层)砖面;一排”。

  12. C) 【句意】这个小山村被大雪封住达一个多月。

  【难点】cut back意为“削减;缩减”;cut out意为“停止;切下”;cut

  off意为“切断;使隔断”;cut away意为“切除;砍掉”。

  13. A) 【句意】格林小姐因酒后驾车被罚100美元。

  【难点】fine意为“处…以罚金”;charge意为“要(价),收(费),要(人)支付(钱)”;punish意为“罚,惩罚”;pose意为“造成,引起(困难)”。

  14. B) 【句意】现代技术所引发的问题也许比

  它所能解决的要多。

  【难点】technique意为“技法;具体的技术”;technology意为“工业技术”;tactics意为“战术,兵法,策略”;tendency意为“倾向”。

  15. C) 【句意】玛丽蹑手蹑脚走过来把钟拿走

  了,因为她讨厌在自己想睡觉的时候听它滴哒地响。

  【难点】sound意为“作声,发声,响”;ring意为“鸣,发出清脆响亮的声音”;tick

  意为“发出滴哒声”;hum意为“发连续低沉的声音(如蜜蜂、马达的嗡嗡声)”。

  16. C) 【句意】在这种强大的压力下,一些岩

  石甚至变成了液体。

  【难点】intensive意为“加强的;集中的”;weighty意为“沉重的;笨

  重的”;intense意为“强烈的,剧烈的”;bulky意为“庞大的;粗壮的”。

  17. C) 【句意】当然,大多数移民不是一夜之

  间就发财的,但是他们大多最终改善了自己的生活水平。

  【难点】maximum意为“最大限量;最高点”;minority意为“少数,半数

  以下”;majority意为“大多数”;minimum意为“最低限度,最低点”。

  18. A) 【句意】南希对他们的离婚表示十分惊讶,因为他们似乎是一对快乐的夫妇。

  【难点】split up意为“分裂,离婚”;break down意为“(精神方面)垮

  掉;(健康)变得

  衰弱;崩溃”;fall through意为“失败;成为泡影”;knock out意为“使筋疲力尽”。

  19. B) 【句意】这片海滩所处位置理想,吸引了很多游客。

  【难点】condition意为“状况;形势”;situation意为“位置,地点,

  环境”;state意为“状态,情形”;publicity意为“公众的注意,名声”。

  20. D) 【句意】我们的感官能力随着年龄的增

  长而下降。比如说,到60岁的时候,多数人失去了他们40%的嗅觉能力和50%的味觉能力。

  【难点】sensible意为“明智的,合情理的”;senseless意为“失去知觉

  的,不省人事的”;sensitive意为“敏感的”;sensory意为“感觉的,传递感觉的”。

  21. B) 【句意】他们的大孩子被彻底宠坏了,因为他要什么,他们就给什么。

  【难点】waste意为“使衰弱;使消瘦”;spoil意为“宠坏,溺爱”;destroy意为“破坏;毁灭”;uneducated意为“未受(良好)教育的”。

  22. C) 【句意】如果一种物质溶解在水里或被

  加热,它可能释放出一种气体。

  【难点】give into为非固定搭配;give over意为“托付,交托”;give

  off意为“散发”;give away意为“送掉,分发(奖品)等”。

  23. C) 【句意】他那平易近人的风度使得博拉立刻放松了情绪。

  【难点】at peace意为“和平地”;at large意为“自由地;大体地”;at ease意为“不拘束”;at best意为“至多”。

  24. A) 【句意】——你明天能休一天吗?

  ——呵,我要征得老板的允许。

  【难点】permission意为“允许”;permit意为“许可证”;allowance意为“津贴”;possession意为“拥有”。

  25. C) 【句意】詹妮特的性格缺陷阻碍了她事业进步。

  【难点】weakness意为“弱点;嗜好”;merit意为“优点,长处”;defect意为“缺点,缺陷”;shortcoming意为“缺点,短处”。

  

  Test Two

  关于used to的意义和用法

  used to (只有过去时形式,没有现在时形式)表示过去习惯动作或状态,这种情况现已不复存在。例如:

  He used to smoke a lot, but he has long given up smoking.

  在否定陈述句或否定疑问句中,用didn’t use to或usedn’t to均可:

  He didn’t use to smoke cigarettes.

  He usedn’t to smoke cigarettes.

  Didn’t Maria use to be interested in the theatre?

  Usedn’t Maria to be interested in the theatre?

  在肯定疑问句中也可有两种形式:

  Used you to go to the same school as Edward?

  Did you use to go to the same school as Edward?

  近义词辨析

  use, apply, avail, employ, utilize

  这组词均含有“使用”或“利用”之意。

  use强调利用人或物作为工具。

  He used up all his resources in experimenting with the new paint.他为实验新的涂料,花光了一切钱财。

  Apply 指把某物或某种方法、原理等加以应用。

  We should not only know the theory but also know how to apply it to practice.我们不仅要知道理论,还要知道怎样把理论应用于实践。

  avail指使用就近的或他人给予的东西,或使别人为自己提供服务。

  I don’t think complaints will avail you much.我觉得抱怨对你没多大用处。

  We avail ourselves of every opportunity to speak English.我们利用一切机会讲英语。

  employ指使用未被利用的东西;用于人时表示雇用。

  He doesn’t know how to employ his energy and time.他不知道该怎么利用他的精力和时间。

  utilize指充分发挥某物的作用,使无用的东西变有用,或使人或物有新用途。

  She hopes to utilize her artistic talents in the job.她希望在工作中发挥她的艺术才能。

  全真模拟试题

  1. My pain ______ apparent the moment I walked into the room, for the first man I met asked sympathetically: “Are you feeling all right?”A. must be B. must have been C. had been D. had to be

  2. It is only when you nearly lose someone ______ fully conscious of how much you value him.

  A. do you become B. then you become

  C. that you become D. have you become

  3. Just as the soil is a part of the earth, ______ the

  atmosphere.

  A. as it is B. so is C. the same as D. and so is

  4. While driving along the treacherous road, ______.

  A. my right rear tyre blew out 

  B. my right rear tyre had a blowout 

  C. I had a blownout on my right rear tyre 

  D. I had my right rear tyre blowout

  5. Jean Wagner’s most enduring contribution to the study of AfroAmerican poetry

  is his insistence that it ______ in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference.

  A. is to be analysed B. has been analysed 

  C. be analysed D. should have been analysed

  6.______ there is little we can do to modify the weather, we can at least know what kind of weather to expect.

  A. Since B. When C. While D. Unless

  7. This organization brought Western artists together in the hope of ma

  king more of an impact on the art community ______ any of them could individually and to promote Western art by women.

  A. rather than B. rather C. than D. other than

  8. But the Swiss discovered long years ago that constant warfare brought

  them ______ suffering and poverty.

  A. anything but B. nothing but 

  C. none other than D. no more than

  9. After ______ seemed an endless wait, it was her turn to step into the doctor’s office.

  A. it B. that C. what D. which

  10. The board deemed it’s urgent that these files ______

  right away.

  A. had to be printed B. should have been printed 

  C. must be printed D. should be printed

  11. His answer was so confused that I could hardly make any ______

  of it at all.

  A. explanation B. meaning C. sense D. interpretation

  12. You should have your eyes tested every year in case the ______

  of your spectacles need changing.

  A. lenses B. glasses C. sights D. crystals

  13. The school committee hoped that their choice of play would be ______ with the students and their parents.

  A. recognized B. popular C. favorable D. fascinated

  

  14. By cutting down trees we ______ the natural home of birds and animals.

  A. harm B. hurt C. injure D. damage

  

  15. Mr. Robinson knew that the most trivial chore could prove to be a ______ if approached with enthusiasm.

  A. prize B. reward C. refund D. bonus

  

  16. The trade unions in this industry are ______ any reduction in wages.

  A. objecting against B. opposed to 

  C. reacted to D. resisting against

  

  17. She was teaching me ______ you would teach a younger child to speak the language.

  A. the way B.in the way C. a way D. to the way

  

  18. The Brownings have not ______ yet and I doubt whether they will come.

  A turned in B. turned out C.turned up D. turned to

  

  19. We went on a(n) ______ to the mountain yesterday.

  A.excursion B. trip C. tour D. travel

  

  20. When Sarah and I ______ on an article for the school newspaper, we found it difficult to work together.

  A. compiled B. gathered 

  C. collaborated D. collected

  

  21. Beth could ______ her coat because it had large

  red buttons.

  A. recognize B. prove C. define D. claim

  

  22. Postal ______ are determined by the class and weight of the parcel mailed.

  A. taxes B. payment C. fees D. premium

  

  23. My father is so deaf that he has to use a hearing ______.

  A. help B. aid C. support D. tool

  

  24. On New Year’s Eve, there will be a firework ______

  at People’s Square.

  A. display B. performance C. show D. exhibition

  

  25. The ______ of beer and alcohol in New Zealand is very high.

  A. consumption B. use C. drink D. absorption

  

  您的得分率为: / 25

  

  试题答案与解析

  1. B) 【句意】我刚一走进房间时一定表现得

  很痛苦,因为我遇到的第一个人同情地问我:“你没事吧?”

  【难点】must与完成时不定式连用往往表示对过去发生的事情的主观推测

  ,常译成“一定是…”。

  2. C) 【句意】只有当你快要失去什么人时,

  你才充分意识到他对你是多么重要。

  【难点】该句是一个典型的强调句式,即It is...that...。

  

  3. B) 【句意】正像土壤是地球的一部分,大

  气层也是。

  【难点】Just as...,so...为一固定结构,意为“正如…,…也…”。

  

  4. C) 【句意】当我在险峻的山路上驾车急驰

  时,车的右后胎爆了。

  【难点】此句为一个带有时间状语从句的主从复合句。在英语中,由while, when等引导的

  时间状语从句,如果其主语与主句中的主语相同,从句中的主语可以省略,而只剩下分词短

  语。驾车的应该是人,所以只能从C)和D)选,而D)的意义不符,所以选C)。

  

  5. C) 【句意】杰恩·瓦格那对亚非诗歌最永恒

  的贡献是他坚持认为,这类诗歌除用凡俗的参考框架,还应用宗教的参考框架进行研究。

  【难点】insistence是个从insist派生来的名词,二者后面分别接同位语

  从句和宾语从句,句中皆应使用虚拟形式,即should+动词原形或动词原形。

  

  6. C) 【句意】尽管我们在改变天气方面无能

  为力,但我们至少知道天气未来的变化。

  【难点】while除表示时间外,还可表示转折、让步,意为“尽管,虽然”。该句中其它选项不具备此意。

  

  7. C) 【句意】该组织把西部艺术家聚集在一

  起,希望

  他们比任何个人都能更多地影响艺术界,并由妇女来促进西部艺术。

  【难点】选项C)的than与句中的more形成正确搭配,意为“比…都…”,故为答案。

  

  8. B) 【句意】但是多年以前瑞士人就发现连

  年不断的战争给他们带来的只有苦难和贫穷。

  【难点】nothing but意为“仅仅,只不过”;anything but意为“除…

  以外的任何事”;none other than意为“不是别人,正是…”;no more than意为“不过,仅仅”。

  

  9. C) 【句意】在经过一段似乎是漫无边际的

  等候之后,终于轮到她走进医生的办公室。

  【难点】在由after引导的介词短语中,what seemed(to be)起定语作用,修饰an endless wait。又如:I saw what seemed to be a fox.我看见一个似乎是狐狸的东西。

  

  10. D) 【句意】董事会认为这些卷宗应立刻打印。

  【难点】urgent在句中做形式宾语it的补足语,其后的宾语从句应使用虚拟式,即should+动词原形。

  

  11. C) 【句意】他的答案很不清楚,我根本弄

  不懂。

  【难点】sense意为“意义;含义”,短语make sense of意为“弄懂…的

  意思”;explanation意为“解释,说明,阐述”,侧重说明事件的真相、原因;meaning意为“意义,意思;

  含义”,但不能在make sense of 短语中代替sense;interpretation意为“解释,说明,阐明”,比较正式。

  

  12. A) 【句意】你应该每年检查一次自己的眼睛,因为你的眼镜镜片也许需要更换。

  【难点】lenses意为“镜片”;glasses意为“眼镜”;sights意为“视

  野;风景”;crystals意为“水晶,晶体”。

  

  13. B) 【句意】校董会希望他们选择的那出剧

  会受到孩子和家长的欢迎。

  【难点】popular意为“讨人喜欢的;得人心的;受欢迎的”。recognized意为“被赏识的

  ;受表彰的”。favorable意为“赢得赞许的;讨人喜欢的”,但后面不能接with。fascinated意为“被迷住的,被弄得神魂颠倒的”。

  

  14. D) 【句意】我们砍伐树木的行为损坏了鸟

  兽的自然家园。

  【难点】damage意为“加害于…,损伤…”;harm意为“对…有害”;hurt意为“疼痛,受伤,(精神上)伤害”;injure意为“使受伤”,身体受外力伤害。

  

  15. B) 【句意】罗宾逊先生知道,如果带着热

  情去做,最琐碎的家务也能证明是一种报偿。

  【难点】reward意为“报答;奖赏”;prize意为“奖金,奖品”;refun

  d意为“退款”;bonus意为“奖金,红利”。

  

  16. B) 【句意】该行业工会反对降低工资。

  【难点】be opposed to意为“反对,对抗”;object against不常用;react to意为“作出反应,反应”;resist不与against连用。

  

  17. A) 【句意】她教我那门语言的方式简直就

  象在教一个小孩说话。

  【难点】the way后接从句,意为“以…方式”。in the way意为“妨碍(

  某人)”。a way 和to the way不是固定搭配。

  

  18. C) 【句意】勃朗宁一家人还没露面,我怀

  疑他们会不会来。

  【难点】turn up意为“出现,露面”;turn in意为“归还,递交…”;

  turn out意为“原来是,证明是”;turn to 意为“求助于;求教于”。

  

  19. A) 【句意】昨天我们到那座山里进行了一次远足观光。

  【难点】excursion意为“远足,短途旅行”;trip意为“旅游出行;行

  程”;tour意为“游历;观光”;travel意为“(长途)旅行”。

  

  20. C) 【句意】当我和萨拉为校报合作一篇文

  章时,我们发现很难在一起工作。

  【难点】collaborate意为“合作,合著”;compile意为“汇集;编辑”

  ;gather意为“聚会,集会”;collect意为“收集;集合”。

  

  21. A) 【句意】贝丝能认出自己的大衣,因为

  她的大衣上有红色的大钮扣。

  【难点】recognize意为“认出,识别”;prove意为“证明,证实”;de

  fine意为“下定义”;claim意为“认领;索取”。

  

  22. C) 【句意】邮资是根据所邮包裹的等级和

  重量来定的。

  【难点】fee意为“费(如会费,入场费,手续费等)”;tax意为“税,税

  款”;payment意为“支付,付款”;premium意为“津贴;酬金”。

  

  23. B) 【句意】我父亲耳聋得厉害,不得不使

  用助听器。

  【难点】aid意为“辅助器具”;help意为“帮助”;support意为“支持”;tool意为“工具”。

  

  24. A) 【句意】新年除夕,人民广场将举行焰

  火表演。

  【难点】display意为“展示性表演”;performance意为“文艺演出;表演”;show意为“

  展览;展览会”;exhibition也是“展览会”,属销售性质。

  

  25. A) 【句意】在新西兰,啤酒和白酒的消费

  量很大。

  【难点】consumption意为“消费量”;use意为“使用,用途”;drink意

  为“饮料”;absorption意为“吸收”。

  

  

  

  Test Three

  

  关于dare的意义和用法

  

  作为情态动词表示“胆敢”,dare通常只用于否定陈述句和疑问句。例如:

  I dare not go there.

  How dare he say such rude things about me?

  dare作为情态助动词没有过去式形式,其否定式为daren’t,既可指现在时间,也可指过去时间。例如:

  Tom wanted to come, but he daren’t.

  dare还可用主动词,随后的不定式可带to,也可不带to。例如:

  He does not dare (to) answer.

  Does she dare (to) go there alone?

  

  

  近义词辨析

  besides, but, except, except for

  

  这组词均含有“除…外”的意思。

  besides “除…外,还有…”,指更进一步的拥有,包括所“除”事物在内。

  Have you got any clothes besides these?除了这些衣服你还有别的吗?

  

  but不包括所引事物在内,多与nothing, not anything, nobody, nowhere, all, anybody等连用。

  He has nobody but himself to blame for that.那件事他没法指责别人,只能怪他自己。

  

  except不包括所引事物。常与no, none, nothing等否定词或all,everyone, everything等连用,但不可用于句首。

  They all went to the Summer Palace except one.除一人之外他们都去了颐和园。

  

  except for常指除去所引情况让人稍感遗憾之外,整体情况尚属理想,被除去的事物与正在谈及的事物之间不具有共同属性或性质。

  The roads were clear except for a few cars.除几辆小汽车外,路面很空旷。

  

  全真模拟试题

  1. The bank is reported in the local newspaper ______ in broad daylight yesterday.

  A. to be robbed B. robbed 

  C. to have been robbed D. having been robbed

  

  2. ______ before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.

  A. Though having never acted 

  B. As he had never acted 

  C. Despite he had never acted 

  D. In spite of his never having acted

  

  3. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the world’s

  population ______ in cities rather than in the country.

  A. are living B. will be living 

  C. have lived D. will have lived

  

  4. Mr. Milton prefers to resign ______ part in such dish

  onest business deals.

  A. than take B. than to take 

  C. rather than take D. rather than to take

  

  5. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything ______ going on in the world.

  A. it is B. as is C. there is D. what is

  

  6. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, _____ a sudden loud noise.

  A. being there B. should there be 

  C. there was D. there have been

  

  7. Bit by bit , a child makes the necessary changes to make his language ______.

  A. as other people B. as other people’s 

  C. like other people D. like other people’s

  

  8. Clothing made of plastic fibres has certain advantages over ______

  made of natural fibres like cotton, wool, or silk.

  A. one B. the one C. that D. what

  

  9. The treasury issued an order stating that ______ lan

  d purchased from the government had to be paid for in gold and silver.

  A. henceforth B. moreover C. whereby D. however

  

  10. The students expected there ______ more reviewing classes before the final exams.

  A. is B. being C. have been D. to be

  

  11. It was during summer breaks that we first taste the satisfaction work that ______ into hard currency.

  A. translates B. transfers 

  C. transplants D. transmits

  

  12. In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics ______

  or may give you a choice of topics to write about.

  A. in advance B. ahead of C. above all D. right away

  

  13. It was the driver’s ______ that caused him to step

  on the gas instead of the brake after his car went over the curb.

  A. fraud B. alarm C. terror D. panic

  

  14. Danny left this ______ message on my answering machine:

  “I must see you. Meet me at twelve o’clock.” Did he mean noon or midnight?

  A. ambiguous B. responsible

  C. implicit D. thoughtful

  

  15. We looked for a table to sit down, but they were all ______.

  A. reserved for B. engaged in 

  C. used up D. taken up

  

  16. She will have to find somewhere else to work, for she can’t ______ this loud noise any longer.

  A. come up with B. catch up with 

  C. keep up with D. put up with

  

  17. Tom ______ his new job with confidence.

  A. set out B. set off C. set up D. set about

  

  18. The truck driver was fined for exceeding the speed ______.

  A. range B. limit C. rule D. regulation

  

  19. The crippled Jack proudly walked with a ______ to the platform to join the children.

  A. jump B. limp C. hop D. jog

  

  20. He cannot ______ a car, for he does not earn much money.

  A. obtain B. afford C. donate D. consume

  

  21. The message is clear: Just as tea and banana cant’t go together, _________ should the son of a lowclass family expect to marry the daughter of a nobleman.

  A. either B. not C. neither D. nor

  

  22. Though ______ rich, she was better off than at any

  other period in her life.

  A. by means of B. within her means 

  C. by all means D. by no means

  

  23. It is a(n) ______ attitude to take towards life.

  A. absurd B. silly C. stupid D. authentic

  

  24. Every year, one student in our high school wins a scholarship that ______ one year of college.

  A. improves B. subsidizes C. obliges D. inflicts

  

  25. He wrote the book in ______ with his wife.

  A. proportion B. installment 

  C. correspondence D. collaboration

  试题答案与解析

  1. C) 【句意】据当地报纸报道,那家银行昨天在光天化日下遭到抢劫。

  【难点】动词不定式的完成式做主语的补足语,说明不定式的行为发生在谓语动作之前。

  2. D) 【句意】虽然他以前从未表演过,但他

  为业余剧团做的首次表演还是很成功。

  【难点】in spite of意为“尽管,虽然”,后接名词或名词性短语,引导出来状语。选项A

  )没有主语或逻辑主语,选项B)是原因状语从句,选项C)的despite不能引导状语从句,因为

  它是介词。

  3. B) 【句意】到二十一世纪中叶,世界上大

  多数人口将生活在城市而不是农村。

  【难点】因为时间状语by the middle of the 21st century指的是将来

  ,所以选将来进行时。

  4. C) 【句意】米尔先生宁愿辞职也不参加这

  种不诚实的商业交易。

  【难点】prefer意为“宁愿”,其后接名词或动词不定式;prefer to do

  sth. r

  ather than do sth.意为“宁愿…而不愿…”,rather than后接不带to的不定式。

  5. C) 【句意】大家都没有时间去读或去听有

  关世界上正在发生的一切事件的描述。

  【难点】在以there be为谓语动词的定语从句中,如关系代词作主语,则

  关系代词便可省略。

  

  6. B) 【句意】如果突然出现巨大的噪音,这

  些动物真的有可能受到惊吓。

  【难点】该句是一个省略if的倒装的虚拟条件句,可还原为“if there should be...”。

  7. D) 【句意】一点一点地,儿童就会将自己

  的语言作些必要的修改,而使之与他人的语言相像。

  【难点】as和like都可以表示“像…一样”,但as是连词,后跟从句,like是介词,后跟名词或名词性短语。

  8. C) 【句意】用塑料纤维制成的衣服比用棉

  花、羊毛或丝绸等天然纤维制成的衣服有些优势。

  【难点】clothing是衣服、被褥的总称,不能用one或the one来指代。wh

  at相当于“先行词+that”,后边要接从句。所以只能用that指代clothing。

  9. A) 【句意】财政部发布命令,从即日起,

  向政府购买土地须以金、银支付。

  【难点】henceforth意为“从今以后”,符合题意要求。

  

  10. D) 【句意】学生们期望期末考试前能有更

  多的复习课。

  【难点】动词expect后必须接动词不定式作其宾语,因此,只有D)为正确。

  11. A) 【句意】暑假期间,我们第一次尝到了

  把劳动变成货币的滋味。

  【难点】translate意为“变换,把…转化成”;transfer意为“移交,

  迁移”;transplant意为“移植(器官)”;transmit意为“传染(疾病),传达(知识)”。

  12. A) 【句意】在有些情况下,你的导师会事

  先告诉你题目或把题目给你由你选写。

  【难点】in advance意为“事先,预先”;ahead of意为“在…之前

  ”;above all意为“尤其,最重要的是”;right away意为“立刻;马上”。

  13. D) 【句意】车上了马路边后,司机由于惊

  慌,没踩刹车,却踩了油门。

  【难点】panic意为“惊慌,慌乱”;fraud意为“欺骗,骗局”;alarm

  意为“警报”;terror意为“恐怖”。

  14. A) 【句意】丹尼在我们回答机上留下一条

  模棱两可的信息:“我必须见你。12点来接我。”他是说中午还是半夜?

  【难点】ambiguous意为“模棱两可的;含糊的”;responsible意为“负

  责的”;implicit意为“暗含的”;thoughtful意为“沉思的,思考的”。

  15. D) 【句意】我们要找个桌子坐下,可是所

  有餐桌都已有人。

  【难点】take up意为“占去(时间、地方、注意力等)”;reserve for意

  为“为…留

  出,保留”;engage in意为“从事;参加”;use up意为“用完,用光;耗尽”。

  16. D) 【句意】她将不得不去别处找工作,因

  为她再也不能忍受这么大的噪音。

  【难点】put up with意为“忍受,容忍”;come up with意为“(针对问

  题、挑战)提出,想

  出”;catch up with意为“赶上”;keep up with意为“跟上(人、潮流、形势等)”。

  17. D) 【句意】汤姆满怀信心地投入新的工作。

  【难点】set about意为“开始;着手”;set out意为“开始”,常与as

  , in, on连用;set off意为“(使)做某事”;set up意为“开业,开始经商”。

  18. B) 【句意】卡车司机因超速而被罚款。

  【难点】limit意为“限制;界限”;range意为“(知识、知觉、听觉等

  的)范围

  ”;regulation意为“规定,规则”;rule和regulation是近义词,意为“规定,规章”。

  

  19. B) 【句意】跛脚的杰克充满自豪,一颠一

  跛地走上台,加入孩子们的行列。

  【难点】limp意为“跛行”;jump意为“跳,跃”;hop意为“(人们)单

  足跳”;jog意为“慢跑;缓行”。

  20. B) 【句意】他买不起小汽车,因为他挣钱

  不多。

  【难点】afford意为“买得起”;obtain意为“得到,获得”;donate意

  为“捐,赠”;consume意为“消耗,耗尽”。

  21. C) 【句意】这是明摆着的事:就像茶叶和

  香蕉不相搭配一样,下层阶级家庭的儿子也不可能指望娶一个贵族的女儿。

  【难点】neither用于否定句之后,意为“…亦不…”;either用于否定

  句,意为“(二者之

  中的)任何一方都(不)…”;nor意为“…也不…(置于否定句之后)”;not在本句中说

  不通。

  22. D) 【句意】虽谈不上有钱,但她目前的境

  况比以往任何时候都要好。

  【难点】by no means意为“一点也不…”;by means of意为“用,依靠

  ”;within one’s means不是固定短语;by all means意为“无论如何,务必”。

  23. A) 【句意】这是一种荒唐的生活态度。

  【难点】absurd意为“荒唐的;滑稽可笑的”;silly意为“

  傻的;愚蠢的”;stupid意为“笨的,麻木的”;authentic意为“可靠的;真诚的;真的”

  24. B) 【句意】每年,我们学校会有一名同学

  获得一笔奖学金作为一年的大学生活补贴。

  【难点】subsidize意为“给…津贴;资助”;improve意为“改进,改善

  ”;oblige意为“施恩惠于,帮…忙”;inflict意为“予以(打击);使遭受(损伤,苦痛等)”。

  25. D) 【句意】他和妻子合作写了一本书。

  【难点】collaboration意为“合作;协作”,in collaboration with为

  固定搭配;proportion意为“比例”;installment意为“分期付款”;correspondence意为“符合;一致”。

  

编辑:廖书曼 来源:沪江英语网

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